What did we learn from our young people?

The Research Approach

At the centre of Planet Youth is regular research that gives us an understanding of the attitudes and behaviours of our young people. A comprehensive lifestyle questionnaire is completed by Year 10 students to give us an insight into many aspects of their lives including substance use, physical health, mental health, physical activity, recreation, other interests and activities, family and school experience, internet use, bullying and number of other areas. There are 77 questions in total in the current Planet Youth questionnaire and all responses are anonymous.

The survey responses are analysed and shared to give each community the information needed to develop action plans designed to address specific ‘risk factors’ and ‘protective factors’. The Planet Youth research provides a wealth of insight and highlights opportunities to improve the health and wellbeing of young people and to improve the social environment they are growing up in. The research is then repeated regularly to track any changes that may be occurring and inform action.

The 2019 Survey Findings

In 2019, Year 10 students from four local Blue Mountains schools participated in the questionnaire. A total of 1194 student completed the survey across three areas in New South Wales and two areas in South Australia, including 391 students in the Blue Mountains.

The Blue Mountains survey highlights the link between ‘protective factors’ and substance use. Protective factors are things that are present in our community, and in the lives of our young people, that help to protect them from the risk of substance use. When a protective factor is absent, the risk of substance use is significantly increased.

Here are some of the key findings from the Blue Mountains 2019 survey in the areas of substance use and protective factors relating to the areas of family, peer group, leisure activities and school. The full report can be viewed and downloaded as a PDF below.

Substance Use

The survey results indicate that alcohol use in the Blue Mountains is relatively high compared to the other areas surveyed, and cannabis use is significantly higher than other areas. While the use of other substances was relatively low compared to alcohol and cannabis, other substance use amongst students surveyed in the Blue Mountains was also higher than in the other areas surveyed.

Protective Factors

The research also told us that a number of protective factors are present for the young people surveyed in the Blue Mountains. These protective factors include feeling safe at school, knowing parents disapprove of substance use, positive intention to complete Year 12, and good levels of participation in sport and other organised activities, compared with the other areas surveyed.

The research also gives us some clues about the protective factors that need to be strengthened in our community. According to the Blue Mountains survey findings, the protective factors that can be strengthened to reduce the risk of substance use include adult disapproval of drunkenness, adult refusal to supply substances, parents spending time with children on weekends, parents knowing and communicating with parents of their child’s friends, young people spending less time out late at night, and increased community connections.


THE FACTS: Knowing the parents of your child’s friends, knowing where your child is in the evenings, spending time with your child on weekends, letting your child know that you disapprove of them using drugs and alcohol, and refusing to supply alcohol to adolescents are all proven, long-term protective factors that can prevent substance use. If more of us can do more of these things, our young people will be less likely to use drugs and alcohol.

Peer Group

THE FACTS: Peer pressure is real. When adults are more involved in a young person’s life and can have honest, supportive conversations about substance use, young people can be more aware and feel more confident about making choices to avoid the risks. When adults across the community support each other, and young people know that the adults around them are actively protecting them, the risk of substance use amongst young people is significantly reduced.

Leisure Activities

THE FACTS: As teenagers get older, the time pressures of study, social life and paid work contributes to young people dropping out of sport and other activities. Too much unorganised, unsupervised social ‘hang out’ time is a known risk factor that can lead to substance use. Regular participation in sport and other organised activities is a protective factor that is proven to reduce the risk of alcohol and drug use amongst young people.


THE FACTS: School is at the centre of most young people’s lives. For many it is a safe space. Positive engagement with school and school work is a strong protective factor that helps to reduce the risk of alcohol and drug use. The involvement of parents and carers in a child’s school life, their connection with the school community, and their participation in school activities are all strong protective factors against substance use.

So, what next?

The research indicates there is a pressing need to reduce substance use amongst young people in the Blue Mountains. The protective factors that may have the biggest impact in our community are adults refusing to supply substances, parents knowing and communicating with parents of their child’s friends, parents spending time with children on weekends, young people spending less time out late at night, and increased community connections. What can we do now as a community that will make a difference?

Read more about what we can do together here.

Your feedback will help us improve the Planet Youth Blue Mountains project. We’d be grateful if you could take a couple of minutes to answer a few quick questions. Thank you!

To get involved and find out more about Planet Youth Blue Mountains, please contact us. You can also sign up for Planet Youth Blue Mountains News emails and jump on our socials.

Planet Youth Blue Mountains is an Alcohol and Drug Foundation funded initiative that is being implemented by the Local Drug Action Team in partnership with Blue Mountains City Council and Mountains Youth Services Team (MYST) and supported by local schools, community members and a number of community services including Platform Youth Services, Ted Noffs Foundation, Nepean Blue Mountains Primary Health Network, Stronger Families Alliance, Belong Blue Mountains, Springwood Neighbourhood Centre, Blackheath Area Neighbourhood Centre, Blue Mountains Women’s Health & Resource Centre, Catholic Care, Uniting, TAFE Blue Mountains and the NSW Department of Education.

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